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This study presents logistics strategy to establish routes for the Eurasian railway which will stimulate the cooperation and competition in the international logistics market among the northeast Asian countries. These countries, which include China, Japan, Russia and Korea, are paying higher costs for transportation and communication due to repeated political conflict and confrontation. They currently use surface logistics system to transport nearly all goods between Europe and Asia, with the exception of certain merchandise that requires air transport. Because of this, the ancient Silk Road remains a mere vestige of its past. So far, the Trans Siberian Railway (TSR) is used by Russia mostly for northern Eurasian transport due to difficulties of service. The Trans China Railway (TCR), built in 1992, was not successful in establishing an international logistic passage. In countries such as Uzbekistan, Mongolia and Azerbaijan, that are not adjacent to the sea, the establishment of good transportation system is anticipated to take a long time because of the characteristic of resource development and poor logistical infrastructures, even though they have great economic upheaval plans with the development of their own resources. The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), a transportation organization that officially began operations in 2001, is composed of six regular member countries (China, Russia, Tadzhikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan) and five observer countries (Mongolia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran). SCO was initially established as a military alliance among these countries to protect themselves from terrorist activities and has since been expanded to include the sharing of cooperative transportation and trade resources. Russia exerts her best effort to activate TSR as a government project for the balanced development of the northern area and the economic development of far‐east Siberia. It has provisionally agreed to improve and repair the railroad between Nahjin and Hassan, with an intent to connect TSR and TKR (Trans Korea Railway; by Russia, North Korea and South Korea). The development plan of this area overlaps with Greater Tumen Initiative (GTI) which was promoted by UNDP. GTI is a cooperative project among five countries of South Korea, Mongolia, China, Russia and North Korea, and is subject to review on the appropriation of energy, tour, environments and railroad connection between Mongolia and China as well as a ferry route to north‐east Asia. Japan has been supplying large scale infrastructures in the Mongolian area without any charges and, thus, needs to pay attention to Russia and China, for their target to get East Asia main railroad to connect to Mongolia and Zalubino, Russia. The denuclearization program of North Korea needs to be successful. In case it does not progress, the connecting plans for TKR and TSR, and that for TKR and TCR may be facilitated by the involvement of the United States, as well as by the development of a program promoted by UN ESCAP


본 연구는 중국, 일본, 러시아 및 한국의 물류에 중요한 역할을 할 유라시아철도 구축을 위한 물류전략을 제시하고 있다. 현재 유럽과 아시아 사이의 물류는 항공운송이 보편적 수단으로 이용되고 있으나 최근 새로운 의미의 실크로드 구축이 절실히 요구되고 있다. 그동안 러시아의 TSR은 대부분 북유럽 지역의 물류에 한정되어 있었고, 1992년 설치된 TCR 역시 국제물류네트워크로서 성공적이지 못하였다. 그러나 2001년 설립된 SCO(상하이 협력 기구)는 특별히 중국, 러시아, 카작스탄 등 6개국의 물류 활성화에 기여할 것으로 기대되며, 최근 러시아는 TSR을 국가적 사업으로 적극 추진하고 있어, 이를 TKR(한반도종단 철도)와 제휴하는 방안을 적극 검토해야 할 시기로 판단된다. 이러한 기본구상이 성공하기 위해서는 북한의 비핵화와 함께 TSR, TCR, 그리고 TKR의 연결에 미국과 유엔의 개입이 필요할 것이다