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This study attempts to characterize and empirically explore the natures of public opposition to siting hazardous facilities in the context of social and political implications of siting policies of government and social and cultural costs imbedded in consequential community restructuring of siting. Binary logistic regression analyses are applied to the survey data from residents of Korean rural communities. As a result, unilateral government siting decision and public concern about community disintegration are identified as important sources of public opposition to siting waste facilities. While economic restitutions decrease public opposition, economic compensation alone is not enough to have public supports. Effects of perceived risk, public distrust in government, and economic compensation are contingent upon whether public oppositions are against hypothetical siting or actual siting.