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Hilly areas occupy the two-thirds of Korean territory and have been being transformed into urban land to accommodate rapid urbanization in Korea. The transformation has been most conspicuous in Gyeonggi-Do during the last five years where development pressure is most strong. This study estimates how much of hilly areas in the Capital Region can be developable. Planning permission criteria by a local government are used to identify possible areas for development and grid analysis by 10×10 meters employed to overcome the shortcoming of the analysis by parcels. The finding is that 37.3 percent of newly developable land in the Capital Region belongs to hilly areas. It follows that the relaxation of land use regulation could result in the increase of available urban land by 9.34 percent in the Capital Region.


Hilly areas occupy the two-thirds of Korean territory and have been being transformed into urban land to accommodate rapid urbanization in Korea. The transformation has been most conspicuous in Gyeonggi-Do during the last five years where development pressure is most strong. This study estimates how much of hilly areas in the Capital Region can be developable. Planning permission criteria by a local government are used to identify possible areas for development and grid analysis by 10×10 meters employed to overcome the shortcoming of the analysis by parcels. The finding is that 37.3 percent of newly developable land in the Capital Region belongs to hilly areas. It follows that the relaxation of land use regulation could result in the increase of available urban land by 9.34 percent in the Capital Region.