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The purposes of this study were to diagnose the prospective teachers' preception on food risk to suggest the ways to improve their perception and serve for elementary education on food risk. A self-administered questionnaire was developed and offered to 307 freshman and sophomore in an elementary teacher-cultivating university located in Seoul. The collected data of this research were analyzed on frequencies, cross tabulation analysis, t-test and ANONA with the deviation level of 5% by using SPSS 15.0. The results of this research were as follows: A major impact factor on purchasing food was identified as 'taste'(54.4%), and 'Manufacture date/expiration date (67.0%) was checked first to purchase food. The most dangerous factor in food consumption was answered as food additives(66.8%) followed by environmental contaminants(17.6%). Although they did not know the levels and contents of the food risk, they perceived those as dangerous. Most of them did not have educational experiences on food risk, and if any, the educational channels were TV(46.6%) and the internet(19.5%). They wanted to have information on food risk through TV, radio(41.1%) and the internet(16.4%). Based on the above results, the subjects who have great potential to influence on children appeared not to have sound knowledge and balanced perception on food risks. Therefore, systematic educational opportunities for prospective teachers should be provided to promote food risk communication.