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After the establishment of the Republic of Korea and before the Korean War in 1950, Kim Ki-rim attempted to formulate new standards on the diction of the Korean language in his Munjangron-singang (文章論新講) or “New Lecture on Writing.” He criticized the traditional form, saying that the old patterns of rhetoric and composition were obsolete. This paper examines not only how Kim developed a modern concept of academic writing and composition, but also discusses his assertions on the new ways of teaching composition. Based on the linguistic theory which distinguishes fact from opinion, Kim Ki-rim included in his new concept various forms and genres of writings which had not been considered earlier by traditional composition theories. These include scientific thesis, metaphysics, literature, and others. Kim’s writings became examples and practical evidence of the new academic writing in the Korean language. Although Kim Ki-rim adopted I. A. Richards’s philology and new rhetoric study, he advanced a systematic theory on academic writing and teaching composition which emphasized the importance of communication and practice in terms of context and interpretation.