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The system of legally secured portions is to help the person entitled to legally secured portions to keep its livelihood even after the death of the inheritee, to protect the person entitled to legally secured portions in order that it may expect to inherit the property from the family community, and to secure the equality between coheirs as the persons entitled to legally secured portions. Such function is in line with Clause 1 of Article 36 of the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, i.e., the concrete actualization of the constitutional protection of family life. Accordingly, the system of legally secured portions is not contrary to the Constitution, and moreover the abolition of the system is contrary to Clause 1 of Article 36 of the Constitution; to wit, it is unconstitutional. As the case stands, the system of legally secured portions and the system of legal inheritance are on the same legal basis. To put it another way, the system of legally secured portions functions as a counterbalance to what the civil law permits inheritees to freely make wills and to extensively dispose of their properties. Altogether, the system was established on purpose to protect interest which the persons entitled to legally secured portions have in relation to legal inheritance. Even at present, most of countries have regulations equivalent to the system of legally secured portions though their legal structures are different from each other. This fact verifies that the system has rightfully functioned to protect persons entitled to legally secured portions. However, what should not be overlooked is that average life span has been extended and thus population structure has been changed to the aging society. To be specific, the system should be continuously reevaluated and reformed in consideration of social changes. In addition, the system needs to be prudently operated under the principle of ‘trust and sincerity (Civil Law Article 2)’ so as to prevent the cases where the claim for return for legally secured portions is exercised very unfairly, as well as to realize justice and equity.


The system of legally secured portions is to help the person entitled to legally secured portions to keep its livelihood even after the death of the inheritee, to protect the person entitled to legally secured portions in order that it may expect to inherit the property from the family community, and to secure the equality between coheirs as the persons entitled to legally secured portions. Such function is in line with Clause 1 of Article 36 of the Constitution of the Republic of Korea, i.e., the concrete actualization of the constitutional protection of family life. Accordingly, the system of legally secured portions is not contrary to the Constitution, and moreover the abolition of the system is contrary to Clause 1 of Article 36 of the Constitution; to wit, it is unconstitutional. As the case stands, the system of legally secured portions and the system of legal inheritance are on the same legal basis. To put it another way, the system of legally secured portions functions as a counterbalance to what the civil law permits inheritees to freely make wills and to extensively dispose of their properties. Altogether, the system was established on purpose to protect interest which the persons entitled to legally secured portions have in relation to legal inheritance. Even at present, most of countries have regulations equivalent to the system of legally secured portions though their legal structures are different from each other. This fact verifies that the system has rightfully functioned to protect persons entitled to legally secured portions. However, what should not be overlooked is that average life span has been extended and thus population structure has been changed to the aging society. To be specific, the system should be continuously reevaluated and reformed in consideration of social changes. In addition, the system needs to be prudently operated under the principle of ‘trust and sincerity (Civil Law Article 2)’ so as to prevent the cases where the claim for return for legally secured portions is exercised very unfairly, as well as to realize justice and equity.