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The construction procedures and artificial turf maintenance program on golf course definitely influence on the distortion of its environment. Soil microbial communities in soil profile were affected directly by those practises on turf areas. In Jeju island, the environmental impact assessment has been required to apply the first quality class granular activated carbon(GAC), which has a high absorbent character to agricultural chemicals, on the soil profiles of golf green system to reduce the pesticide leaching to ground water. This research was carried out to analyze the changes of microbial communities and chemical properties on soil profiles where GAC had been applied at the construction stage at two golf courses in Jeju. The changes of soil microbial population and chemical properties associated with construction methods of soil profile and agrochemical management program were analyzed by monthly at the surface and sub-soil profiles during April through October, 2007. The total numbers of bacteria and fungi, soil moisture content, soil physio-chemical properties were measured on greens and fairways of the both golf courses with different GAC treatment on the green and fairway soil profiles. The results showed that GAC had positive effects on the water holding capacity, pH and EC, however, it did not improved the holding capacity of available nutrients NO3 -,NH4 +, and phosphorus by its sorption phenomenon. In microbial count test, the total numbers of bacteria and fungi showed a great variation during sampling dates. That may directly relate to the agrochemical application, however, the ratio of total bacterial number versus total fungus number showed a constant value on a sub-soil of 15~30cm depth. Thus, the construction method of GAC in soil profile, and application of fertilizer and pesticide, both impacted on the changes of microbial population. It's means that the construction method of soil profile and turf management using agro-materials might greatly affect on the turfgrass culture and the environment of golf course.


The construction procedures and artificial turf maintenance program on golf course definitely influence on the distortion of its environment. Soil microbial communities in soil profile were affected directly by those practises on turf areas. In Jeju island, the environmental impact assessment has been required to apply the first quality class granular activated carbon(GAC), which has a high absorbent character to agricultural chemicals, on the soil profiles of golf green system to reduce the pesticide leaching to ground water. This research was carried out to analyze the changes of microbial communities and chemical properties on soil profiles where GAC had been applied at the construction stage at two golf courses in Jeju. The changes of soil microbial population and chemical properties associated with construction methods of soil profile and agrochemical management program were analyzed by monthly at the surface and sub-soil profiles during April through October, 2007. The total numbers of bacteria and fungi, soil moisture content, soil physio-chemical properties were measured on greens and fairways of the both golf courses with different GAC treatment on the green and fairway soil profiles. The results showed that GAC had positive effects on the water holding capacity, pH and EC, however, it did not improved the holding capacity of available nutrients NO3 -,NH4 +, and phosphorus by its sorption phenomenon. In microbial count test, the total numbers of bacteria and fungi showed a great variation during sampling dates. That may directly relate to the agrochemical application, however, the ratio of total bacterial number versus total fungus number showed a constant value on a sub-soil of 15~30cm depth. Thus, the construction method of GAC in soil profile, and application of fertilizer and pesticide, both impacted on the changes of microbial population. It's means that the construction method of soil profile and turf management using agro-materials might greatly affect on the turfgrass culture and the environment of golf course.


골프장은 인공적으로 건설되어 지고 관리되므로 당연히 환경의 변화가 생성된 곳이므로 건설 방식이나 관리 방법에 따라 코스 내 토양 미생물 군집 구조의 특이성이 있을 것이다. 현재 제주 도에서는 농약 용탈 저감방안으로 골프코스 그린지반구조에 농약 흡착층을 설치하고 그 재료로 흡착성능이 우수한 입상 활성탄 1등급을 사용할 것을 환경 영향평가서에 명시하고 있다. 본 실험은 활성탄이 처리된 제주도 A, B 골프장을 대상으로 토양에서의 화학적 특성변화와 미생물 군락변화를 분석하였다. 2007년 4월, 6월, 8월 10월에 걸쳐서 총 박테리아 수, 총 곰팡 이 수, 수분함량 및 토양 이화학성(pH, EC, NO3-,NH4+ 및 P2O5)의 변화를 그린과 페어웨이 에서 깊이별(표토:0-15cm, 심토: 15-30cm)로 조사되었다. 그 결과, 활성탄의 시용이 수분 보유 능력, 토양산도, 전기전도도에 긍정적인 영향을 보였으 나, GAC의 물질의 수착 능력에 의하여 유효 양분들을 많이 보유하는 데 도움이 될 것이라 예 상하였으나, 본 실험에서는 가용성 질산과 암모늄, 및 인산의 농도를 높이는 효과는 없었다. 토 양 미생물 실험에 있어서는 총 박테리아 및 총 곰팡이의 시기적 변화가 다양성을 보였다. 이러 한 현상은 농약의 시용에 따라 직접적인 관련이 있을 것으로 예상되었으나, 총 곰팡이/총 박테 리아 비(F/B ration) 는 활성탄을 혼합한 토양 심토(15-30cm)에서 일정한 수치를 유지하였다. 따라서, GAC 토양층의 설치 방법이나 시비와 시약 등이 미생물군집의 변화에 영향을 주며 이 는 농약의 시용이 잔디관리에 큰 변수로 작용한다는 것을 시사한다.