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In 1908, Mgr. Gustave Charles Marie Mutel, bishop of Milo and Vicar Apostolic of Korea, visited the newly-established Benedictine mission house at St. Ottilien in Germany for help. He wanted to make them participate in supporting the development of korean catholic church. In spite of there being some difficulties, Abbot Norbert Weber agreed to send missionaries to Korea. The first group of Benedictines arrived in the capital Seoul in February 1909. After that, more than one hundred german Benedictine missionaries worked in colonial Korea and Manchouria. They especially took part in the education and intellectual activities. So some missionaries had deep concern at korean culture and published many articles and books about it. Nevertheless, until quite recently we could not find remarkable re- searches. In this paper I sought to gather the references without omission, to put them in order systematically, through which substantial analysis and synthetic study could be produced some day. Basic data processing is a primary stage in the intellectual activities. After this principle, I regarded the accumulation of references concerning the Benedictine german missionaries’ investigations of korean culture as my own task in this paper. Naturally the argument stayed at the level of showing how far the theme could extend. For the background understanding, was examined the nature of Bene- dictine monks and the history of missionary movement in Germany; the establishment of the Benedictine congregation of St. Ottilien, and the relationship between german catholic church in 19th century and Kulturkampf under the second empire. I suggested, through it, that the mentality of german missionaries who took an interest in the culture and tradition of non-christian world would be formed on the basis of a particular conceptualization of culture. And this comes about from the experience of conflict with modern nation-state. The interests of Benedictine missionaries about korean culture can be classified in five area; language, literature, art, folklore, religion. I col- lected their books published in Korea, Germany, Japan and some arti- cles printed in various missionary periodicals; Katholichen Missionen, Missionsblaetter, etc. And then I explicated them with a brief introduc- tion. Because this paper attaches importance to the full investigative operation of relevant materials. Lastly I presumed the reason why Bene- dictine missionaries watched korean culture with deep concern and went so far as to examine it academically. It signifies the paradigm shift in the frame of mission and culture.