초록 close

This study aims to examine and organize the historical experience of China’s urban planning system and it’s characteristics, which has been accompanied with industrialization and urbanization mainly after China’s reform and open policy in 1978. With this concern and purpose, this study selected 2 cities as for the case study: Shenzhen, the first and the most representative Special Economic Zone in China; Shanghai, China’s economic center including Pudong New District. We investigated their background and experimental experience of the reform & open policy, and the making and propulsion experience of urban planning system and institution. In China, it is just after mid of 1980’s when the China’s economic reform has started, that the development of urban planning as the means of market intervention has been started. As the China’s reform and open policy has been advanced, the realm and influence of market are going on enlarging and strengthening, and it has been more and more important that the role of the urban planning on the aspect of macro market control means. Especially, advancing the land use institution reform, it is more and more important that the role of the urban planning, which is related to the transfer condition of land use right that already has been commercialization and privatization. On the land use right transfer process, the Chinese government as a land owner, inspect and ratify the purpose of land use and the development of the proposal or the plan, that ask for the petition of land use right, and should continually inspect and manage. China’s urban planning and urban development system just going on this frame and process of development.