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Nepal is a Himalayan Kingdom located between latitudes 26 22" N and 30 27" N and longitudes 80 40" E and 88 12" E. Wide range of climatic variation due to its physiographic conditions has made this country rich in plant diversity. About 5856 flowering plants have been recorded so far in Nepal, among which 690 species are medicinal plants. This comprises about 12% of the total number of floweringplants of Nepal. This list includes 510 species that occur in wild, 120 species that are cultivated or naturalized, and 60 species that are exotic. Many medicinal plants of Nepal from tropical plains to high altitude are in the state of threat. About 50 medicinal plants have been feared to have been under various categories of threat: rare, endangered, vulnerable, commercially threatened etc. Because of this, conservation of Nepalese medicinal plants has been a matter of high concern in order to check the loss of medicinal plants genetic resources.


Nepal is a Himalayan Kingdom located between latitudes 26 22" N and 30 27" N and longitudes 80 40" E and 88 12" E. Wide range of climatic variation due to its physiographic conditions has made this country rich in plant diversity. About 5856 flowering plants have been recorded so far in Nepal, among which 690 species are medicinal plants. This comprises about 12% of the total number of floweringplants of Nepal. This list includes 510 species that occur in wild, 120 species that are cultivated or naturalized, and 60 species that are exotic. Many medicinal plants of Nepal from tropical plains to high altitude are in the state of threat. About 50 medicinal plants have been feared to have been under various categories of threat: rare, endangered, vulnerable, commercially threatened etc. Because of this, conservation of Nepalese medicinal plants has been a matter of high concern in order to check the loss of medicinal plants genetic resources.


북위 26도 22분~30도 27분, 동경 80도 40분~88도 12분에 위치 해 있는 네팔은 온도와 생태적인 변화가 많아 생물의 다양성이 풍 부하다. 전체적으로 약 5,856종의 개화식물이 보고되고 있으며, 그 중 690종이 약용식물로 밝혀져 있는데 이는 전체 식물의 12%에 해당된다. 이 중 약 510종은 야생으로 존재하며 120종은 재배되 고, 60종 정도는 도입된 식물들이다. 전통적인 치료 방법은 아유 베다체계를 따르고 있고 많은 약용식물이 과다 채취되어 희귀식 물, 소멸위기종, 취약종 등으로 전락하고 있다. 이들 자원을 보존 하기 위한 노력으로 국립공원, 야생지보호구역, 수렵보호구역, 보 존지, 완충지 등이 설정되어 있으며, 현지외보존도 수행되고 있다 . 네팔 자원 중 CITES에 들어가 있는 식물은 Saussurea lappae등 14종이며 식물의 종류에 따라 수집이 금지된 식물, 원재료로 수출 되는 것이 금지된 식물 등이 있으며 농업적, 연구목적으로 우선순 위를 정하여 수행되고 있다.