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Genetic identification of 17 fish-derived Aeromonas strains was attempted using 5 housekeeping genes. 16S rRNA, gyrB, rpoD, dnaJ and recA genes from the 17 strains were amplified, and total of 85 amplicons were sequenced. DNA sequences of the strains and type strains of the 17 Aeromonas homology groups were used for genetic identification and phylogenetic analyses. None of the strains was identified as a single species using the 16S rRNA gene, showing the same identities (average = 99.7%) with several Aeromonas species. According to gyrB, rpoD, dnaJ, and recA, 9 strains and RFAS-1 used in this study were identified as A. hydrophila and A. salmonicida, respectively. However, the other strains were closely related to 2 or more Aeromonas species (i.e., A. salmonicida, A. veronii, A. jandaei, A. media and A. troda) depending on the genetic marker used. In this study, gyrB, rpoD, dnaJ and recA gene sequences proved to be advantageous over 16S rRNA for the identification of field Aeromonas isolates obtained from fish. However, there are discrepancies between analyses of different phylogenetic markers, indicating there are still difficulties in genetic identification of the genus Aeromonas using the housekeeping genes used in this study. Advantages and disadvantages of each housekeeping gene should be taken into account when the gene is used for identification of Aeromonas species.