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This study descriptively investigates the relationship between first language and second language writing competence of ethnic Koreans in the Yonbian area of China. All participants have been educated as bilingual speakers who can handle both Korean and Chinese. Various analyses such as Mean Length of Utterance (MLU), usage of syntactic categories, lexical transferences, frequency of errors, scales of composition task were utilized to examine bilingual speaker's writing competency. This research found that participants were quite balanced bilingual writers. The analysis of both MLU and syntactic usage shows systematic consistency. Lexical transference from Chinese consisted of low percentages of the data and occurred limitedly. Errors were not found when writing Korean while a low percentage of errors were found when writing Korean using Chinese characters. Participants organized their ideas well in Korean and chose suitable vocabulary. They used accurate paragraphing in both Korean and Chinese writing constituent. Ethnic Koreans quite successfully maintained writing competency in Korean and also showed a balanced level of writing competency in Chinese.