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본 실험에서 Lilium longiflorum 과 11 나리품종에 대 한 생화학적, 효소학적 방법을 적용하여, 화색생합성조절 유전자 flavonoid 3’hydroxylase(F3’H)와 dihydroflavonol 4-reductase(DFR)의 활성을 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. L. longiflorum에서 F3’H가 dihydrokaempferol(DHK) 기질을 촉매하여 dihydroquercetin(DHQ) 산물을 생성 하였고, 그 외 실험에 사용한 모든 8품종에서도 F3’H 활성이 확인되었다. 나리의 F3’H는 기질특이성이 있어 naringenin(NAR)에서는 eridictiol(ERI)를 생성하지 않 았다. L. longiflorum에서 DFR은 DHQ를 기질로 사용하여, leucocyanidin(LCy) 산물을 생성하였고 ‘Montreux’, ‘Monte Negro’, ‘Star Gazer’, ‘Acapulco’, ‘Etude’, ‘Le Reve’품종에서도 DFR의 활성이 나타났다. 또한 ‘Siberia’, ‘Royal Race’, ‘Nove Cento’, ‘Elite’, ‘Cannes’ 품종에서 는 DFR의 활성이 나타나지 않았다. 나리의 DFR는 기질특이성이 있어 DHK에서는 leucopelargonidin (LPg)를 생성하지 않았다.


The activities of flower color biosynthesis-controlling enzymes, flavonoid 3’hydroxylase (F3’H) and dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), were analyzed in Lilium longiflorum and 11 lily cultivars using biochemical and enzymological methods. Dihydroquercetin (DHQ) product was synthesized by F3’H using dihydrokaempferol (DHK) as a substrate in Lilium longiflorum. F3’H activity was also detected in the eight cultivars tested. The substrate-specific activity of F3’H was observed because eridictiol (ERI), which uses naringenin (NAR) as a substrate, was not detected in the tested cultivars. Leucocyanidin (LCy) product was synthesized by DFR using DHQ as a substrate in Lilium longiflorum. DFR activity was also detected in ‘Le Reve’, ‘Montreux’, ‘Monte Negro’, ‘Etude’, ‘Acapulco’, and ‘Star Gazer’, but not in ‘Siberia’, ‘Royal Race’, ‘Nove Cento’, ‘Elite’, and ‘Cannes’. Substrate-specific activity of DFR was observed because leucopelargonidin (LPg), which uses DHK as a substrate, was not detected in the tested cultivars.


The activities of flower color biosynthesis-controlling enzymes, flavonoid 3’hydroxylase (F3’H) and dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), were analyzed in Lilium longiflorum and 11 lily cultivars using biochemical and enzymological methods. Dihydroquercetin (DHQ) product was synthesized by F3’H using dihydrokaempferol (DHK) as a substrate in Lilium longiflorum. F3’H activity was also detected in the eight cultivars tested. The substrate-specific activity of F3’H was observed because eridictiol (ERI), which uses naringenin (NAR) as a substrate, was not detected in the tested cultivars. Leucocyanidin (LCy) product was synthesized by DFR using DHQ as a substrate in Lilium longiflorum. DFR activity was also detected in ‘Le Reve’, ‘Montreux’, ‘Monte Negro’, ‘Etude’, ‘Acapulco’, and ‘Star Gazer’, but not in ‘Siberia’, ‘Royal Race’, ‘Nove Cento’, ‘Elite’, and ‘Cannes’. Substrate-specific activity of DFR was observed because leucopelargonidin (LPg), which uses DHK as a substrate, was not detected in the tested cultivars.