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전통 메주로부터 plasmin의 혈전용해 활성보다 약 58% 더 높은 활성을 나타내는 MJ-226을 분리하여 동정한 결 과, Bacillus subtilis와 유사한 형태학적, 생화학적 및 당 발효능을 나타내었다. B. subtilis MJ-226은 Tryptic Soy Broth (TSB) 배지 상에서 최대의 혈전용해효소 활성을 나타내었고, 37oC에서 24~26시간 배양했을 때 가장 높은 활성을 나타내었고, TSB 배지 내에 glucose와 fructose 2.0%와 peptone 및 yeast extract 1.0% 각각을 첨가한 경우 활성이 증가되었다. 하지만 lactose, sucrose, beef extract, casein 및 tryptophan 등에 의해선 활성이 오히려 감소되 었다. B. subtilis MJ-226이 생산하는 혈전용해효소는 pH 6.0~8.0 및 온도 35~40oC에서 매우 안정하였으며, 또한 MnSO4, CaCl2, KCl 및 NaCl 5 mM 농도의 금속이온에 대해서도 비교적 안정함을 유지하였다. 그러나 CuSO4, MgSO4, ZnSO4, FeSO4와 BaCl2에 등의 금속이온과 iodoacetic acid, leupeptin, phenylmethanesulphonyl fluoride (PMSF), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), thiourea, trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-N,N,N',N'- tetraacetic acid (CDTA) 및 ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) 등의 저해제들과 반응한 경우에는 매우 불안정한 것으로 나타났다.


Among 27 Bacillus sp. isolated from Meju, a traditional Korean soybean fermented food, a strain MJ-226 was selected due to its strong fibrinolytic activity, and it was identified to be Bacillus subtilis MJ-226 according to morphological and biochemical characterization and sugar utilization. The fibrinolytic enzyme of B. subtilis MJ- 226 was maximally produced by cultivating in the Tryptic Soy Broth (TSB) for 24~26 h at 37oC, and the enzymes activity was promoted with adding glucose, fructose, peptone or yeast extract to TSB. The fibrinolytic enzyme was stable at the range of pH from 6.0 to 8.0, and between 35 and 40oC. Also, when the crude enzyme was exposed to various metal ions and chemical inhibitors for 12 h, the enzyme stability was maintained by MnSO4, CaCl2, KCl, and NaCl. However, the stability was destroyed by treatment with CuSO4, MgSO4, ZnSO4, FeSO4, and BaCl2, and the enzyme was unstable in the presence of chemical inhibitors such as iodoacetic acid, leupeptin, phenylmethanesulphonyl fluoride (PMSF), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), thiourea, trans-1,2-diaminocyclohexane- N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (CDTA) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA).