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분화용으로 가치가 있다고 판단되는 Astrophytum asterias ‘Nudum’, A. asterias ‘Super Kabuto’와 A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’의 실생 번식의 체계를 확립하기 위하여 3년생 실생을 온실에 입실한 후 11개월에 생육 및 개화조사를 하고 시기별 자가 수분 및 형매 수분에 따른 착과율 및 협당 종자수를 조사하였다. Astrophytum asterias ‘Nudum’과 A. asterias ‘Super Kabuto’의 식물체 높이는 5.3~5.5 cm이고 식물체의 직경 은 2.5 cm이었으나, A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’은 높이가 7.6 cm, 직경이 5.6 cm로 자랐다. A. asterias 식물체는 가 시가 없고 8개의 결각으로 갈라졌으나 A. myriostigma는 4~5개로 갈라졌고 아주 작은 가시가 형성되었다. 평균 착과율과 꼬투리당 종자수는 A. asterias ‘Nudum’은 37.0%, 43.0개이고, A. asterias ‘Super Kabuto’는 22.5%, 26.2개이었으며, A. myriostigma는 32.3%, 57.4개 이였다. 시기별로 7월의 결실율 및 꼬 투리당 종자수가 가장 많고, 다음에는 6월과 8월로 나 타났다. 특히 A. asterias ‘Nudum’의 7월의 착과율은 72%로 가장 높았고 꼬투리당 종자수도 66개로 가장 많았다. A. asterias ‘Nudum’의 자가 수정 착과율은 10%, 꼬투리당 종자수는 12개이고, 형매 교배 착과율은 72%, 꼬투리당 종자수는 66개이었다. A. myriostigma의 자가 수정 착과율은 20%, 꼬투리당 종자수는 16개이고, 형매 교배 착과율은 60%, 꼬투리당 종자수는 68개이었다. 이와 같이 Astrophytum 속 선인장을 7월에 형매교배를 한다면 결실율이 높고 많은 종자를 얻을 수 있다.


This experiment was conducted to investigate the propagation system by seed to check growth, flowering, and making seed of four-year-old seedling cactus of potted Astrophytum asterias ‘Nudum’, A. asterias ‘Super Kabuto’, and A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’. Plant height and width of Astrophytum asterias ‘Nudum’ and A. asterias ‘Super Kabuto’ was 5.3 to 5.5 cm, and 2.5 cm. However, plant height and width of A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’ was 7.6 cm and 5.6 cm as divided into 8 sections of body. In A. asterias ‘Nudum’, the mean seeded pod from April to September was 37.0% and the number of seeds in a pod was 43.0. In A. asterias ‘Super Kabuto’, the mean seeded pod from April to September was 22.5% and the number of seeds in a pod was 26.2. However, the mean seeded pod of A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’ from April to September was 32.3% and the number of seeds in a pod was 57.4. Especially, the seeded pod and the number of seeds in a pod of A. asterias ‘Nudum’ in July was the highest, 72.0% and 66.0. The sib crossing obtained much more seeded pods and the number of seeds per pod than that of selfing in the Astrophytum. The self crossing was formed from 9.0 to 20.0% of seeded pod, and 12.0 to 16.0 seeds in a pod. However, sib crossing was formed 60.0% seeded pod and 68.0 seeds in a pod on July of A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’.


This experiment was conducted to investigate the propagation system by seed to check growth, flowering, and making seed of four-year-old seedling cactus of potted Astrophytum asterias ‘Nudum’, A. asterias ‘Super Kabuto’, and A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’. Plant height and width of Astrophytum asterias ‘Nudum’ and A. asterias ‘Super Kabuto’ was 5.3 to 5.5 cm, and 2.5 cm. However, plant height and width of A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’ was 7.6 cm and 5.6 cm as divided into 8 sections of body. In A. asterias ‘Nudum’, the mean seeded pod from April to September was 37.0% and the number of seeds in a pod was 43.0. In A. asterias ‘Super Kabuto’, the mean seeded pod from April to September was 22.5% and the number of seeds in a pod was 26.2. However, the mean seeded pod of A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’ from April to September was 32.3% and the number of seeds in a pod was 57.4. Especially, the seeded pod and the number of seeds in a pod of A. asterias ‘Nudum’ in July was the highest, 72.0% and 66.0. The sib crossing obtained much more seeded pods and the number of seeds per pod than that of selfing in the Astrophytum. The self crossing was formed from 9.0 to 20.0% of seeded pod, and 12.0 to 16.0 seeds in a pod. However, sib crossing was formed 60.0% seeded pod and 68.0 seeds in a pod on July of A. myriostigma ‘Nudum’.