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During the Early-style Stoneware period, the Youngnam region witnessed the appearance of pottery similar to that intensively excavated in the Haman area. Various arguments representing different viewpoints have been presented regarding this phenomenon. Although the kilns were limited to the Haman area, Haman-style pottery has been found throughout the Gimhae and Busan areas. It is therefore possible that pottery originating in the Haman area may have moved into other places. This study thus aims to examine the distribution pattern of Haman-style pottery. It also looks into the background of this phenomena by identifying Haman-style pottery and by assuming its movement and influences. Based on changes in distribution pattern, Haman-made pottery can be divided into three phases. The distribution of Haman-made pottery began in the latter half of the 3rd century AD. Only one or two examples of paddled pottery with corded ware design have been identified in limited areas. In the 4th century, the distribution of Haman-style pottery expanded greatly in terms of range, quantity and type. The areas showing the distribution of this pottery type can be divided into 1) the East Nakdong River region (including Gimhae and Changwon), 2) the Southern West Nakdong River region, and 3) the Northern West Nakdong River region. Finally, the fourth quarter of the 4th century to the first quarter of the 5th century witnessed a significant decrease in terms of both the range and amount of pottery distributed. To conclude, the above changes in distribution pattern may be seen to directly reflect the distribution network of Haman-made pottery. In other words, the changing patterns of distribution represent the formation and development of the Haman-made pottery distribution network. The distribution network of Haman-made pottery was set up in the latter half of the 3rd century AD, followed by the establishment of two distribution spheres (located in the eastern area of Nakdong River and the southern area west of Nakdong River) in the 4th century. Both distribution spheres were wide reaching but each contained different characteristics. In the eastern area of Nakdong River, a good relationship appears to have been maintained between Haman and Gyeongju. In the southern area west of Nakdong River, it appears that Haman may have taken advantage of foreign trade through the Nam River and Masan Bay. Written records concerning “the war between eight countries which took place on the river/sea (浦上八國戰 爭)” may be considered in reference to this, but the nature, period, and countries involved in this war remain unclear. The two distribution spheres continued into the fourth quarter of the 4th century to the first quarter of the 5th century, but witnessed decline in terms of the type, amount and range of pottery distributed. This indicates that the meaning of Haman-style pottery changed considerably at this time.


During the Early-style Stoneware period, the Youngnam region witnessed the appearance of pottery similar to that intensively excavated in the Haman area. Various arguments representing different viewpoints have been presented regarding this phenomenon. Although the kilns were limited to the Haman area, Haman-style pottery has been found throughout the Gimhae and Busan areas. It is therefore possible that pottery originating in the Haman area may have moved into other places. This study thus aims to examine the distribution pattern of Haman-style pottery. It also looks into the background of this phenomena by identifying Haman-style pottery and by assuming its movement and influences. Based on changes in distribution pattern, Haman-made pottery can be divided into three phases. The distribution of Haman-made pottery began in the latter half of the 3rd century AD. Only one or two examples of paddled pottery with corded ware design have been identified in limited areas. In the 4th century, the distribution of Haman-style pottery expanded greatly in terms of range, quantity and type. The areas showing the distribution of this pottery type can be divided into 1) the East Nakdong River region (including Gimhae and Changwon), 2) the Southern West Nakdong River region, and 3) the Northern West Nakdong River region. Finally, the fourth quarter of the 4th century to the first quarter of the 5th century witnessed a significant decrease in terms of both the range and amount of pottery distributed. To conclude, the above changes in distribution pattern may be seen to directly reflect the distribution network of Haman-made pottery. In other words, the changing patterns of distribution represent the formation and development of the Haman-made pottery distribution network. The distribution network of Haman-made pottery was set up in the latter half of the 3rd century AD, followed by the establishment of two distribution spheres (located in the eastern area of Nakdong River and the southern area west of Nakdong River) in the 4th century. Both distribution spheres were wide reaching but each contained different characteristics. In the eastern area of Nakdong River, a good relationship appears to have been maintained between Haman and Gyeongju. In the southern area west of Nakdong River, it appears that Haman may have taken advantage of foreign trade through the Nam River and Masan Bay. Written records concerning “the war between eight countries which took place on the river/sea (浦上八國戰 爭)” may be considered in reference to this, but the nature, period, and countries involved in this war remain unclear. The two distribution spheres continued into the fourth quarter of the 4th century to the first quarter of the 5th century, but witnessed decline in terms of the type, amount and range of pottery distributed. This indicates that the meaning of Haman-style pottery changed considerably at this time.