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본 연구는 국화과 식물 16종 지상부의 페놀성물질 함 량, radical 소거능, Fe2+chelating 효과 및 linoleic acid 과산화 억제활성을 분석하여 천연 항산화제 개발에 적합 한 식물 소재를 탐색하기 위하여 시행하였다. 연구의 결 과, 총 폴리페놀 및 플라보노이드 함량은 저먼캐모마일의 지상부에서 가장 우수하였다. DPPH radical 소거능은 에키나세아 지상부 추출물, ABTS radical 소거능은 산비장이 추출물에서 가장 우수하였다. 15종의 국화과 지상부 추출물은 ascorbic acid와 BHT 보다 DPPH radical 소거능은 낮았으나, 산비장이 추출물의 ABTS radical 소거능은 ascorbic acid와 BHT 보다 우수하였 으며 알프스민들레, 에키나세아 및 저먼캐모마일 추출물 은 BHT 보다 ABTS radical 소거능이 높았다. Fe2+ chelating 효과는 저먼캐모마일 추출물에서 가장 높았 으나, EDTA보다 chelating 효과가 현저히 낮았다. 지 질과산화 억제활성은 등골나물 추출물에서 가장 높았 으며, 반응 4일 후에는 90.06%, 24일 후에는 40.52%의 억제활성을 보여 BHT 보다 지질과산화 억제효과가 높고 오랫동안 억제활성이 유지되었다. 본 연구를 통하여 그동 안 꽃을 위주로 사용하였던 저먼캐모마일의 잎줄기가 항산화효과가 우수하다는 것이 밝혀졌으며, 차후 저먼 캐모마일 지상부의 활용방안이 증대될 것으로 기대된다. 또한 식물종에 따라 우수한 항산화활성이 각기 다르므로 본 연구결과를 기초로 하여 목적으로 하는 항산화 기능성에 맞는 식물성 항산화제를 개발할 수 있을 것으로 생각된다.


The attempts to develop natural antioxidants have been made with aerial part of 16 Compositae species by analyzing their phenolic compound contents, scavenging activities on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2´-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radicals, ferrous ion chelating effects and inhibition effects on peroxidation of linoleic acids. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were highest in Matricaria recutica. Scavenging activity on DPPH and ABTS radicals were highest with extracts of Echinacea angustifolia and Serratula coronata var. insularis f. insularis, respectively. Aerial part extracts of all species showed lower DPPH scavenging activity than ascorbic acid and 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT). But Serratula coronata var. insularis f. insularis demonstrated higher ABTS scavenging activity than ascorbic acid and BHT. In Hieracium pilosella, Echinacea angustifolia, Matricaria recutica extracts showed higher ABTS scavenging activity than BHT. Ferrous ion chelating effects was highest with Matricaria recutica extract, but the effects were much lower than ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). The inhibition activity in lipid peroxidation of linoleic acids was highest in Eupatorium japonicum with 90.06 % inhibition 4 days after reaction and 40.52% after 24 days. This demonstrated higher inhibition activity and longer lasting than BHT. Aerial part of Matricaria recutica for extraction source, rather than flower, has higher potential for antioxidant material. In conclusion, development of natural antioxidants in Compositae is possible by studying antioxidant activity of each species.


The attempts to develop natural antioxidants have been made with aerial part of 16 Compositae species by analyzing their phenolic compound contents, scavenging activities on 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2´-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) radicals, ferrous ion chelating effects and inhibition effects on peroxidation of linoleic acids. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents were highest in Matricaria recutica. Scavenging activity on DPPH and ABTS radicals were highest with extracts of Echinacea angustifolia and Serratula coronata var. insularis f. insularis, respectively. Aerial part extracts of all species showed lower DPPH scavenging activity than ascorbic acid and 2,6-Di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol (BHT). But Serratula coronata var. insularis f. insularis demonstrated higher ABTS scavenging activity than ascorbic acid and BHT. In Hieracium pilosella, Echinacea angustifolia, Matricaria recutica extracts showed higher ABTS scavenging activity than BHT. Ferrous ion chelating effects was highest with Matricaria recutica extract, but the effects were much lower than ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). The inhibition activity in lipid peroxidation of linoleic acids was highest in Eupatorium japonicum with 90.06 % inhibition 4 days after reaction and 40.52% after 24 days. This demonstrated higher inhibition activity and longer lasting than BHT. Aerial part of Matricaria recutica for extraction source, rather than flower, has higher potential for antioxidant material. In conclusion, development of natural antioxidants in Compositae is possible by studying antioxidant activity of each species.