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The pathogenesis of Legionella pneumophila mainly resides in its ability to inhibit the phagosome-lysosome fusion, which normally prevents the killing of the host cells. In order to characterize the molecular alterations that occurred in a spontaneous avirulent mutant of Legionella pneumophila serogroup 6, named Vir-, we investigated the ability of the mutant to adhere to and multiply in the WI26VA4 alveolar epithelial cell line and in human macrophages, when compared to its parental strain, Vir+. We also determined the co- localization of bacteria with LAMP-1 to gain an insight into the phagosome-lysosome fusion process. Additionally, we determined the flagellin expression and dotA nucleotide sequencing. We observed a lack of expression of flagellin and an in-frame mutation in the dotA gene. The data obtained strongly suggest the loss of virulence of the mutant could probably be due to the absence of flagellin and the dysfunctional type IV secretion system, resulting from the DotA protein being severely compromised.