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우리나라 60세 이상 노인 4천명 이상이 매년 자살로 사망하는 것으로 나타났다. 한국은 2000 년에 고령화 사회가 됐고 앞으로 10년 뒤인 2018년에는 고령 사회에 진입할 것으로 예상된다. 이 처럼 급속한 노령화의 진행은 노인자살의 문제를 더욱 복잡하게 하고 있으며, 지금과 같은 사회환 경 속에서 노인자살의 문제는 해결될 기미가 보이지 않고 있다. 본 연구에 사용된 자료는 통계청의 “2008 사회통계조사 보건·가족부문” 자료를 활용하였다. 분석대상은 2008 사회통계조사 결과자료 전수인 52,940명에서 65세 이상 노인 인구 6,213명을 선정하였다. 본연구의 목적은 65세 이상 노인의 일반적 특성에 따른 자살충동 차이를 파악하고, 자살충동의 원인들의 인과관계 구조에 대한 이해를 통하여, 향후 노인자살예방을 대안모색에 근거 자료를 제공하는데 있다. 본 연구 대상자 6,213명 중 7.7%인 476명이 자살충동을 느끼는 것으로 조사되었다. 조사대상 자의 일반적 특성에 따른 자살충동의 차이는 주거형태, 세대구분, 연령, 교육수준, 결혼상태, 경제 활동(지난 1주) 변수가 통계적으로 유의한 결과를 보였다. 건강관련 특성변수와 자살출동간의 관 련성은 규칙적 운동, 유병여부(지난 2주), 암·만성질환여부, 본인건강상태평가 변수가 통계적으로 유의한 결과를 보였다. 환경특성변수와 자살출동간의 관련성은 삶에 대한 주관적 만족감과 가족관 계만족도 변수는 모두 통계적으로 유의한 결과를 보였다. 본 연구를 통해 노인이 경제활동을 하거나, 본인의 건강상태가 좋거나, 삶에 대한 주관적 만족감 과 가족관계 만족도가 높을수록 스트레스가 낮아 자살충동의 가능성은 낮아진다는 것을 알 수 있었 다. 따라서 세계 1위인 우리나라 노인의 자살률을 줄이기 위해서는 노인일자리 창출, 노인건강증진사 업의 강화, 삶의 만족도 제고, 건강한 가족관계 형성 등에 대한 집중적인 정책적 배려가 필요하다.


In South Korea, over 4000 people aged 60 or older committed suicide every year. In 2000, Korea became an aging society, in 18 years the nation will emerge as an ultra-aged society. Such a rapid progression of aging will make the problem of elderly suicide further complicate. The purpose of this study is to identify the differences between suicidal thoughts according to the general characteristics of people aged 65 or older, to provide an important basic data for the elderly suicide prevention through understanding the causal ationships between suicidal thoughts. Statistics used in this study is 2008 Social Statistics Survey of Korea National Statistical Office. The total sample size is 6,213 people aged 65 or older. 7.7% of 6,213 people aged 65 or older, 476 people felt suicide instinct. The statistical significant variables on suicide instinct according to the general characteristics were housing, generation, age, education level, marital status, economic activity. The statistical significant variables between health-related factors and suicide instinct were regular exercise, Whether or not the disease, chronic illness, health status self-assessment. The statistical significant variables between environmental factors and suicide instinct were subjective atisfaction on life and satisfaction on family relationships. The subjective life satisfaction, health status self-assessment, family satisfaction with the relationship between stress and suicidal showed a negative correlation, the relationship between stress and suicide instinct showed a positive correlation. Through this study, we knows that the economic activity, good health, life satisfaction and good family relationship will lessen the possibility of suicide instinct. Therefore, in order to reduce the elderly suicidal rate we should consider the intensive care policy of job creation for the elderly, the strengthening of the elderly health promotion project, the promoting of life satisfaction, good family relationships.


In South Korea, over 4000 people aged 60 or older committed suicide every year. In 2000, Korea became an aging society, in 18 years the nation will emerge as an ultra-aged society. Such a rapid progression of aging will make the problem of elderly suicide further complicate. The purpose of this study is to identify the differences between suicidal thoughts according to the general characteristics of people aged 65 or older, to provide an important basic data for the elderly suicide prevention through understanding the causal ationships between suicidal thoughts. Statistics used in this study is 2008 Social Statistics Survey of Korea National Statistical Office. The total sample size is 6,213 people aged 65 or older. 7.7% of 6,213 people aged 65 or older, 476 people felt suicide instinct. The statistical significant variables on suicide instinct according to the general characteristics were housing, generation, age, education level, marital status, economic activity. The statistical significant variables between health-related factors and suicide instinct were regular exercise, Whether or not the disease, chronic illness, health status self-assessment. The statistical significant variables between environmental factors and suicide instinct were subjective atisfaction on life and satisfaction on family relationships. The subjective life satisfaction, health status self-assessment, family satisfaction with the relationship between stress and suicidal showed a negative correlation, the relationship between stress and suicide instinct showed a positive correlation. Through this study, we knows that the economic activity, good health, life satisfaction and good family relationship will lessen the possibility of suicide instinct. Therefore, in order to reduce the elderly suicidal rate we should consider the intensive care policy of job creation for the elderly, the strengthening of the elderly health promotion project, the promoting of life satisfaction, good family relationships.