초록 close

Purpose: This descriptive survey was aimed to investigate the ICU nurses' job stress, the way of coping, and the turnover intention and to identify the correlation among them. Methods: A 58 items-questionnaire composed of 7 sub-dimensions revised by Park, J. S. (2003) was used to measure the ICU nurses' job stress, and an questionnaire by Han, J. S. and Oh, G. S. (1990) which has 34 items from 6 sub-dimensions were used to measure the ICU nurses' way of coping. To figure out the ICU nurses' turnover intention, a 3 items-questionnaire used. A total of 456 nurses were participated in the study. Results: The participants' job stress was 2.86(4-point scale), and the way of stress coping was 2.27. Job stress had a positive correlation with the way of coping (r=.134, p=.004) and the turnover intention. The 54.1% of nurses addressed that they had some level of turnover intention. The turnover intention had a significant difference according to job stress(t=-2.041, p=.042), the type of hospital (χ2=8.052, p=.005) and the total number of hospital beds (χ2=9.232, p=.010). Conclusion: The findings of the study illustrated that the ICU nurses had at least moderate-high level of stress. The subjects' job stress showed a positive correlation with the way of coping and the turnover intention. These findings demonstrate necessity to develop an intervention for ICU nurses' stress management.