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When a novel comes into the hands of a translator, it can come out very differently from the original due to various factors such as idiomatic expressions, cultural connotations, author’s subjectivity, and even the influence of readership. The Chinese translation from English of the American novel Gone with the Wind is such an example. Through a comparative study of two Chinese translations respectively by Fu Donghua and Li Yeguang, and in the light of reception theory advocated by Jauss and Iser, we reveal how the two translators rewrote their translations with the consideration of readers’ response in mind. What makes their translations different is that Fu regarded the novel as a fascinating romance while Li took it as a realistic and historical novel. Detailed analysis will be carried out regarding the two translators’ distinctive interpretations of the theme, their understanding of major characters and the related translation strategies they adopted. We also show why Fu was criticized for what he has translated. We come to the conclusion that the relevant factors of reception theory have influenced greatly these two translators’ decisions in the process of creating a brand new version of Gone with the Wind.