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This study looked about current standard and problems for existing public use businesses and new kind ones, compared and analyzed domestic and foreign safety standard of public use business, established an efficient basic plan for safety management, and by making a fire reduction measurement and investigating & analyzing related laws of domestic and foreign public use, investigated problems in fire safety laws and analyzed what the problems to continuously increase occurrences of large-scale fires and damages of life are. This paper proposes methods to improve safety management to problems including construction for safety and management structure, clarification for selecting persons in charge of safety management, effective execution of fire safety education and an environmental improvement for rescue and evacuation of public use business.