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This article concerns the subject of “the preliminary question in the administrative law”. Particularly, there are significant differences between the Korean and American judicial system. In Korea, there are the administrative courts that are jurisdictionally separate from the ordinary courts, whereas the U. S. judicial system is developed without such separation. The separation is based on the private and public law distinction which was long recognized in German Law as an incident of Roman Law and the unsuitability of the ordinary courts to deal with the public law matters. Therefore, the preliminary question in administrative law does not exist in the American judicial system. When a person decides to file a legal action, he must decide in which court system to file the case. The court in which a person files a case depends on which court has jurisdiction over that type of case. Whether ordinary courts have the authority to decide a preliminary question is known as preliminary jurisdiction in administrative law. In fact, a voidable administrative act is particularly problematic for the preliminary question, because a void administrative act is completely ignored by the ordinary courts. The void administrative act is a complete nullity, a still-born act which legally never comes into effect. Whether an illegal administrative act is void or voidable depends upon the seriousness and obviousness of illegality. The preliminary jurisdiction of ordinary courts is spelled out only in § 11 of Code of Administrative Court Procedure. According to that clause the ordinary civil courts have the authority to decide a preliminary question if an administrative act is void. Therefore, whether ordinary criminal and civil courts have the authority to decide a preliminary question of illegality of a voidable administrative act depends completely upon case-law and legal literature. As regards driving with a voidable illegal license, the preliminary jurisdiction of ordinary criminal courts does not exist. For this reason such driving is not guilty. According to my understanding, the preliminary jurisdiction of the ordinary courts must result from Article 107 Paragraph 2 of Korean Constitutional law.