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본 연구에서는 천정 설치형 공조기 적용을 위해 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있는 알루미늄 평행류 증발기 해석프로그램을 개발하여 190mm*650mm*25mm(W*H*D) 크기의 열교환기를 해석하였다. R410A냉매의 분배비가 일정하고 상하로 유동하는 2, 3 패스의 경우와 3 패스이고 분배비율(1:1:1, 1:2:2)을 달리할 때, 열교환 성능을 예측하였다. 계산 결과, 2 패스가 3 패스보다 국소 전열량이 30% 정도 높았지만, 건도에 따른 열전달계수는 25% 낮았으며, 3 패스의 경우, 분배비 1:1:1 보다 1:2:2가 냉매 압력손실이 높게 나타났다. 본 해석에서는 패스당 냉매가 균일하게 분포하는 것으로 가정하였으므로, 패스별로 불균일하게 유동되는 실제의 경우보다 열교환성능을 과대 예측하는 것으로 판단된다.


In this study, an analysis code was created for a 190*650*25-mm (W*H*D) parallel-flow evaporator, and research was done on how to increase the heat transfer rate of aluminum PF heat exchanger for application in IDU. After varying the R410A refrigerant up-down flow to two and three passes and the distribution ratio to 1:1:1 and 1:2:2, it was determined that the two-pass flow has a 30% higher partial heat transfer rate and a 25% lower heat transfer coefficient compared to the three-pass flow. As for the distribution ratios of the three-pass flow, 1:1:1 was found to have a lower refrigerant pressure loss than 1:2:2 distribution. It was assumed, though, that the refrigerant distribution had a uniform flow and that its value was thus overestimated in the actual case of maldistribution in each pass.