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서울 지장암 목 비로자나불좌상의 연구 서울 동대문 지장암 목 비로자나불상에 대해서 몇 가지 사실을 밝힐 수 있었다. 첫째 이 불상이 조성된 배경은 지장암 비로자나불상 조성발원문(願文)에 기재되어 있다. 여기에 의하면 선조의 두번째 왕비인 장열왕후와 대와(광해군), 세자 등과 광해군의 장인인 유자신과 부인, 공주 2명, 대군, 군주, 유자신의 돌아간 아들 2명 등 광해군 부부일가 이른바 왕실을 위해서 불상들을 조성한 이른바 왕실발원의 불상인 것이다. 둘째 이 불상이 봉안된 사찰은 왕실원찰(王室願刹)인 자수원과 인수원 이른바 자인수양사(慈仁壽兩寺)인데 1622년에 비로자나불상 등 11구와 영산탱 등 5점의 불화 등 총 16점이 조성된 후 체 1년도 되지 않아 광해군을 폐위한 인조에 의하여 폐사되고 만다. 셋째 이 비로자나불상은 절대 년대(1622)을 가지고 있고 당대 최고의 조각승인 현진과 응원, 수연, 법령, 청허, 인균, 승일 등 현진유파의 유명한 조각승들과 함께 조성한 당대 최고의 불상이라는 사실이다. 넷째 양감 있는 방형의 형태미, 활기차게 휘어지고 꺾어지는 선명한 선묘 등 17세기 전반기의 걸작으로 크게 주목받을 수 있는 대표작이라 하겠다. 다섯째 비로자나불상은 새로운 조선후반기의 양식 특히 17세기 전반기의 특징을 새롭게 정립한 현진파의 대표적 불상이라는 점이 이 불상의 의의라 할 수 있다.


A Study on the Wooden Virocana Buddha of Jijangam, Seoul The following conclusions were drawn from the study on the Wooden Virocana Buddha. First, the background to the production of the Buddha statue is revealed in the document retrieved from inside the statue. It says the production of the Buddha statue was sponsored by and for the royal family including Queen Jangyeol, second queen of King Seonjo, Daewa(Prince Gwanghae), Crown Prince, Yu Jashin, Prince Gwanghae's father-in-law and his wife, two princesses, prince, king, and Yu Jashin's two sons who died young. Second, the Wooden Virocana Buddha was enshrined in the Jainsuyangsa(慈仁壽兩寺), that is to say, Jasuwon and Insuwon, which were the temples for the masses for the repose of the souls of the royal family. Sixteen works of art including eleven Buddha statues including the Wooden Virocana Buddha and five Buddhist paintings were produced and enshrined in the temple in 1622. However, the temple was dilapidated by King Injo in less than a year when he took the crown from Prince Gwanghae. Third, the Wooden Virocana Buddha was produced in 1622 and was one of the most ambitious works of the time, in the production of which, the top class sculptor-priest Hyeonjin and the members affiliated to the Hyeonjin School like Eungwon, Suyeon, Beopnyeong, Cheongheo, Ingyun and Seungil participated. Fourth, it can be evaluated as one of the representative masterpieces of the first half of the 17th century, distinguished by such features as the bulky and rectangular modeling and the vivid linear details. Fifth, the Virocana Buddha marks the new establishment of the sculptural style of the latter half of the Joseon dynasty, especially, that of the first half of the 17th century.


A Study on the Wooden Virocana Buddha of Jijangam, Seoul The following conclusions were drawn from the study on the Wooden Virocana Buddha. First, the background to the production of the Buddha statue is revealed in the document retrieved from inside the statue. It says the production of the Buddha statue was sponsored by and for the royal family including Queen Jangyeol, second queen of King Seonjo, Daewa(Prince Gwanghae), Crown Prince, Yu Jashin, Prince Gwanghae's father-in-law and his wife, two princesses, prince, king, and Yu Jashin's two sons who died young. Second, the Wooden Virocana Buddha was enshrined in the Jainsuyangsa(慈仁壽兩寺), that is to say, Jasuwon and Insuwon, which were the temples for the masses for the repose of the souls of the royal family. Sixteen works of art including eleven Buddha statues including the Wooden Virocana Buddha and five Buddhist paintings were produced and enshrined in the temple in 1622. However, the temple was dilapidated by King Injo in less than a year when he took the crown from Prince Gwanghae. Third, the Wooden Virocana Buddha was produced in 1622 and was one of the most ambitious works of the time, in the production of which, the top class sculptor-priest Hyeonjin and the members affiliated to the Hyeonjin School like Eungwon, Suyeon, Beopnyeong, Cheongheo, Ingyun and Seungil participated. Fourth, it can be evaluated as one of the representative masterpieces of the first half of the 17th century, distinguished by such features as the bulky and rectangular modeling and the vivid linear details. Fifth, the Virocana Buddha marks the new establishment of the sculptural style of the latter half of the Joseon dynasty, especially, that of the first half of the 17th century.