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사람의 혈소판조절인자 (TPO)의 분비와 기능을 분석하기 위하여 사람 간 cDNA로부터 TPO cDNA를 분리하여 동물세포에서 재조합체를 생산하였다. 또한, 당쇄의 기능분석을 위하여 6개의 당쇄첨가부위를 Ala으로 치환하여 각각의 돌연변이체 재조합체도 생산하여 이들의 생리활성분석을 위하여 피하주사하여 혈소판의 증가여부를 분석하였으며, 체내 약동학검사를 위하여 꼬리 정맥에 재조합체를 주사하여 24시간까지 혈액을 채취하였다. Wild-type TPO는 효과적으로 분비하였으나, 크로닝에서 분석되어진 116개 아미노산이 삭제된 돌연변이체는 배양상층으로 분비되지 않았다. N-linked 당쇄첨가 부위는 3번과 4번을 제외하고는 거의 비슷한 발현양상을 나타내었다. 특히 4번당쇄부위는 TPO의 분비에 중요한 역할을 하는 것으로 나타났다. 재조합체 10ng을 피하주사에 의하여 체내 혈소판이 유의적으로 증가하였으며, 5ng을 이용한 약동학 분석결과 1시간에 최대로 증가하였으며 그 이후 급격하게 감소하여 10시간에는 거의 존재하지 않았다. 따라서, 이러한 연구는 고 활성을 가지는 유전자 재조합체 TPO의 생산을 가능하게 하고, 또한 새로운 분자의 TPO를 가능하게 할 것으로 사료된다.


To investigate the function and secretion of human thrombopoietin (TPO) in mammalian cells, hTPO cDNA was cloned using human liver cDNA, and recombinant hTPO (rec-hTPO) was produced in CHO cell lines. In addition, six N-linked glycosylation sites were substituted for Ala to elucidate the role of each carbohydrate chain. To analyze the biological activity, rec-hTPO protein was injected subcutaneously. Blood was withdrawn for platelet determination. The metabolic clearance rate (MCR) was also analyzed at the 1, 4, 10 and 24 hr after tail vein injection. Wild-type TPO (WT) was efficiently secreted into the medium. However, a hTPO mutant with 116 deleted nucleotides detected by PCR cloning was not secreted. The N-linked glycosylation sites had nearly the same expression quantity as rec-hTPO WT apart from mutants 3 and 4. The glycosylation site of mutant 4 appeared to be an indispensable site for hTPO secretion. Also characterized was the biological activity through an injection with rec-hTPO (10 ng) to ICR mice (7 weeks). The result of the blood analysis showed a considerable increase in the platelet number six days after the injection. To analyze the pharmacokinetics, rec-hTPO was injected into the tail vein (5 ng). The result was 200 pg/ml 1 hr after this injection. Following this, it dramatically decreased and virtually disappeared 10 hours after the injection. Thus, rec-hTPO may be a treatment for thrombopenia by the production of the high active rec-hTPO. In addition, hTPO can permit the development of potent new analogues that stimulate the platelet value.