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We have focused our study on the construction method of traditional urban housing in Bukchon, Seoul from 1930's to 1960's. The new housing type(traditional urban housing) based on the traditional housing type had been evolved in new context. Sometimes We confused that Hanok(traditional korean roof tile house) and traditional urban housing were same features because that two types have a number of resembling things, but they are different each other with the construction method and a lot of characteristics. This differences help us to understand the traditional urban housing. the construction method is a inclusive word that contain materials, composition, ornament and social common sense. The more that is understood about the construction method of traditional urban housing, the more it is possible to discover how to make, why to appear in the urban area and what the traditional urban housing has a meaningful worth in our residential area