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영국철도는 1994년에 상하분리와 가능별분리로 매우 혁신적인 모델로 민영화 되었다. 민영화를 추진하면서 민영화에 의해 생산성과 서비스와 안전 등이 향상될 것으로 전망하였다. 민영화의 추진과정을 보면 1994년 민영화초기에 Railtrack(이하 레일트랙)은 영국국영철도의 인프라를 인수하였고, 운영회사와 유지보수회사들은 약 3년에 걸쳐 모두 민영화되었다. 레일트랙은 1996년 3월에 민영화되었는데 연 이은 대형사고로 이 회사는 경영상의 문제로 2001년10월에 다시 정부 관리 로 들어가 2002년 10월에 비영리회사인 Network Rail(이하 네트워크 레일)이 탄생하였다.


This paper examines the outcomes and tasks of UK rail privatization especially focusing on the rail safety. Earlier research which focused on the rail safety had little knowledge of the explanations for recent changes of safety scheme. Moreover, they had difficulty making a direct comparison of safety between national rail and the privatized rail. Therefore we are left without a good explanation which has a comprehensive perspective. I attempt to show the outcomes of safety in the rail privatization process and its tasks focusing on the recent fatal accident. This paper argues that the UK’s rail safety has a framework which is too complicated with overlapping responsibilities that brought about inefficiency, increasing costs. Especially infrastructure enterprise did not come to play an appropriate role. However, after 2000, the government took charge of setting the strategy for railway safety, and the Office of Rail Regulation covered safety, performance and cost. I explain that these changes present a good opportunity to solve the problem of passing the buck for rail accident. Through the analysis, I find that outcomes of rail privatization in safety are improved comparing the national rail. However, safety performance, for example the collision of structures of cars and looseness of rail should be improved. In future, the problems of fatal accident and a bit of duplicate safe system should be addressed.