초록 close

지하철은 대량수송 뿐만 아니라 정시성, 안전성, 친환경성 등의 장점으로 인해 국내외 주요 대도시의 대중교통수단으로 선호되고 있으며 만성적인 도시 교통난 완화에 크게 기여하고 있다. 그러나 지하철 건설은 막대한 초기 건설비용뿐만 아니라, 운영과정에 있어서도 막대한 장비의 유지보수 비용이 지출되고 있으며, 소득증가 및 의식수준 향상으로 승객 편의시설 확충에 대한 요구가 날로 증대되고 있어 앞으로 운영비용이 날로 증가될 전망이다.


Subway widely used as a major mean of public transportation both at home and abroad contributes to ease chronic traffic congestion in cities. However, subway operating expense is expected to increase continuously because subway requires vast amount of money at the construction stage, huge sum of maintenance cost is spent during operation, and passenger needs for more convenient facilities is increasing. on the contrary to enormous operating expenses, fare that is occupying most of operating income doesn’t come up to its prime cost causing chronic operating deficit. It is urgent to prepare fare system improvement measures to increase operating income in order to resolve financial difficulty of a subway operating organization. Therefore, the current study analyzed present condition and problems of subway fare system, and suggested improvement measures such as improvement of fare adjustment procedure, improvement of free-ride system, diversification of ticket, etc.