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Youido Square is not only a symbolic landscape where the dominant ideology of an authoritarian state is represented, but also a space where national and local identity are historically articulated through its multi-layered discursive structures. The aim of this study is to examine how Youido Square, constructed originally as a kind of monumental landscape, has transformed with the years into a representative site for oppositional political activities, and ultimately citizen?s resting place-Youido Park. I explore how the material appropriation and physical modification in the Square are related to the transformation of a landscape?s symbolism. The ideological history of the Square represents attempts to inscribe the dominant images and meanings on the landscape and it also explains how landscape reproduces cultural/social practices involving the construction of social identities. Although state power scored in making official memory and a fascist national identity into the dominant meaning, the Square?s openness to routine appropriation enabled local memory/identity to be manifested and contested.