초록 close

Nineteenth century in England is often known as the age of mobility. The story of Cinderella, who begins as a humble girl and becomes a queen by her beauty and virtue, throws the possibility of another Cinderella to working women. This paper investigates how the upward mobility of working women, their dream of becoming Cinderella, was accepted and represented in history and novels. As the cases of Hannah, a real maid, and the heroines in the novels such as Mary Barton and Odd Women prove, the working women's desire to climb up the ladder of hierarchy could not be achieved or even realized in the complete sense. Because of the rarity of working women's inheritance of will and improbable fortuity, even the upward mobility of the heroines of Jane Eyre and Sybil also overshadows the possibility of working women's upward mobility. What this paper emphasizes is the conspiration of ideologies of class and sex against the upward mobility which prohibits working women from accomplishing the Cinderella dream. Considering its threatening factor, it seems strange that even one of versions of the Cinderella story does not protest against the subversive plot of a humble girl becoming a queen. This paper finds the clue to this question in the fact that Cinderella cannot be won until she has been recognized by her suitor. It is not Cinderella but the man from the ruling class that reveals her identity and permits her to ascend the ladder of hierarchy. This explains why Mary's dream of becoming Cinderella is criticized as "the castle in air" in the novel. It is the underlying ideology of sex that makes different attitudes to upward mobility that the novels show to the different sexes. The ideology of class can be a key to understanding why Hannah could not be adapted to the new class even after she was believed to be another Cinderella.