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Objective : Spinal myeloma has been treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy. However, the role of surgery was not fully evaluated. This study is performed to evaluate the efficacy of surgery in the treatment of spinal myeloma. Methods : 22 patients who were treated with surgery for spinal myeloma from August 1999 to April 2003 were analyzed. Radiological finding, surgical methods and result were reviewed in retrospective study. For compression fracture due to myeloma infiltration, percutaneous vertebroplasy(PVP) was done. Decompression surgery with or without fixation was performed for patients with neurologic deficit. The modalities of surgery consist of PVP (14 cases), corpectomy and fixation (7 cases), and laminectomy and epidural mass removal (3 cases). To evaluate clinical outcome, visual analogue pain score and Frankel neurological scale were used. Results : In 14 cases of PVP, total 57 vertebral segments were treated including 21 thoracic vertebral bodies and 36 lumbar vertebral bodies. Pain relief was achieved in all cases. The pain score changed from 7.7 (preoperatively) to 2.5 (postoperatively). And pain relief effect was maintained over than one year. Frankel grade improved in decompression cases. Conclusion : Surgical treatment can alleviate pain and improve neurologic deficit immediately in spinal myeloma patients.