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In knowledge-based economy, a nation's knowledge resources are critical factors for its competitiveness with other nations. This study analyze the quantitative and qualitative share of ISI publication of Korea as the level of knowledge resource by using the SCI database. This paper uses RCI(Relative Citation Impact) index for the qualitative analysis. The result shows that Korea's qualitative share of ISI publication measured by citation is relatively small than the quantitative share meaured by number of papers. In research field, natural sciences and medical sciences are relatively weak than engineering and agriculture.