초록 close

Purpose: This study was done to analyze the changes in smokers' subjectivity about smoking before and after participation in a 5-day hospitalized smoking cessation program. Design: Q-methodology, which provides a scientific method on subjectivity, was applied. Findings: Nine types of subjectivity changes about smoking were identified; Type Ⅰ, Nicotine craving → Confident of self control for smoking; Type Ⅱ, Nicotine craving → Cognition of the link between habituation and smoking, Type Ⅲ, Nicotine craving → Nicotine craving, Type Ⅳ, smoking as a social behavior → Cognition of the link between habituation and smoking, Type Ⅴ, smoking as a social behavior → Motive to turn away from being addicted to smoking to being healthy, Type Ⅵ, Habitual smoking → Confident of self control for smoking, Type Ⅶ, Habitual smoking → Cognition of the link between habituation and smoking, Type Ⅷ, Habitual smoking → Motive to turn away from being addicted to smoking to being healthy and Type Ⅸ, Denial of the negative effects of smoking → Confident of self control for smoking Conclusion: The types of changes in smokers' subjectivity before and after the smoking cessation program in this study suggest a better tailored intervention for individual smokers. The types of changes on smokers' subjectivity provide insight about which factors of the interventions for smoking cessation are especially valued for a particular group of smokers.