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This study was investigated of the bone healing capacity by autologous fibrin glue in experimental bone defect dogs. The autologous fibrin glue manufactured just before the experiment was mixed with the concentrated fibrinogen from whole blood of the experimental dog and bovine thrombin. The experimental group was constituted with seven dogs. The experimental osteotomy was performed 5 mm length in bilateral region of proximal diaphyseal fibulae. The defected regions of experimental group were filled with the autologous fibrin glue by duploject. The experimental regions had been radiographed biweekly for 16 weeks to observe new bone formation and union. Bone alkaline phophatase (BALP) in all groups was evaluated biweekly till the end of the experiment to determine osteoblast activities. New bone formation had been observed in five regions of three dogs at four weeks after the experimental treatment and in two regions of one dog at ten weeks. The other seven regions of the experimental group and control group were not observed new bone formation until the end of the experiment. BALP value in four dogs observed new bone formation was increased to 97.10 IU/L (453.96%) at two weeks after the experimental treatment. The results of this experiment were suggested that the autologous fibrin glue was moderately effective in new bone formation in dogs.