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This study evaluated the binding abilities of rabbit anti-ovalbumin (OVA) immunoglobulin G (IgG) and egg-allergic patient IgE on gamma-irradiated OVA during proteolysis using pepsin and trypsin. The concentrations of both the intact and the irradiated OVAs decreased during proteolysis when detected with IgG. However, when detected by patient IgE the concentration of the intact OVA decreased up to 30 min after the trypsin treatment and increased thereafter. Irradiated OVA detected by patient IgE showed a lower initial concentration (0.16%) than that of the intact OVA, and this reduced concentration was maintained stably. The results indicate that irradiation, rather than enzymatic treatment, could reduce the binding of the irradiated and enzyme-treated OVA. Therefore, gamma irradiation has potential as an effective method to reduce OVA-induced allergy and may enhance the safety of egg-allergic individuals.