초록 close

In order to develop a new persimmon pickle with a low salt concentration, changes in physicochemical characteristics during soaking of persimmon pickles treated with different organic acids and sugars were investigated at 15oC for 70 days. The pH of persimmon pickles decreased from pH 6.64 at initial stage to pH 3.99 (control group), pH 2.76-3.33 (citric acid treatment, CT), and pH 3.08-3.34 (acetic acid treatment, AT) after 70-days of soaking. Titratable acidity of AT was higher (0.86-1.18%) than that of CT (0.61-0.78%). After 70-days of soaking, salinity of persimmon pickles treated with stevia leaf powder, sodium saccharin, sucrose, and isomalto-oligosaccharide were 4.94-4.96, 4.00-5.15, 2.99-3.31, and 3.03-3.30%, respectively, and 1.54-3.70% lower than that of the control group (6.69%). The hardness of persimmon pickles in all cases was increased up to 20-40-days of soaking and then decreased. L (lightness), a (redness), and b (yellowness) value of persimmon pickles treated with citric acid were higher than those of AT and the control group. Sensory evaluation of persimmon pickles after 70-days of soaking revealed that CT had the highest scores for color, texture, and overall acceptability. These results indicate that the salt concentration of persimmon pickles could be lowered by the addition of citric acid and various sugars during soaking.