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Haemophilus somnus, Mycoplasma bovis and Pasteurella multocida were responsible for respiratory diseases in bovine. Methods for identifying these bacteria had poor sensitivity and specificity. In this paper, PCR assays were applied for rapid identification of H. somnus, M. bovis, P. multocida B:2 and P. multocida capsular types. The specific PCR products were amplified from H. somnus, but not from other bacteria. Ten-fold diluted H. somnus were mixed with P. multocida and then the mixed cultures were inoculated on agar plates. After incubation, PCR was performed with harvest from agar plates and could detect as few as 3.4 CFU/ml of H. somnus. The primers MboF and MboR produced an amplification product unique to M. bovis and sensitivity of PCR was as low as 100 pg of DNA. Only serotype B:2 of P. multocida, the causal agent of haemorrhagic septicemia in bovine, was specifically amplified in PCR among the 16 reference serotypes. The multiplex capsular PCR typing for P. multocida was produced the P. multocida-specific product as well as the capsular serogroup-specific product. The present PCR assays should be useful for the rapid identification of bacterial pathogens from bovine respiratory diseases.