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A Study on GeoChang Massacre:memory of politics and sanctioned massacre. Han, Sung Hoon (Yonsei University) This study focused on the causes of Geochang massacre focusing on the operation orders of the 3rd battalion. Especially, the fact that the residents of hostility area where resident slaughter took place were considered as enemy raises that the operation of 11th division The 5th operation order that brought sacrifice of the residents was executed as an operation that did not distinguished enemy and the residents regardless of alteration and became an excuse that voluntarily judged the ones who were benefiting enemy. Considering the fact that majority of the resident victims died in great misery, the site was concealed and manipulated, and the incident was a slaughter that happened regardless of the result of the battle. Geochang massacre has characteristics of obedience to an illegal order given by an army commander and sanctioned massacre. Soldiers did not have guilt since it was obedience to power, did not take any responsibility with their actions and were used as a tool that executes the order of a chief. Massacre also was related to manipulated and distorted memory of politics. Military regime hided the fact related to the slaughter to maintain its power and intervened in politics of memory. The responsible people for the slaughter under Lee Seung-man government did not get proper punishment. This is the limitation of a military trial as well as the recognition on the massacre of Lee Seung-man government. Moreover, major commanders who got legal punishment all pardoned and reinstated in less than one year and returned to their original position. Therefore, GeoChang massacre became a political authorization under Lee Seung-man government and succeeding slaughters that were similar to the civilian massacre and slaughter as an operation could not be prevented.


A Study on GeoChang Massacre:memory of politics and sanctioned massacre. Han, Sung Hoon (Yonsei University) This study focused on the causes of Geochang massacre focusing on the operation orders of the 3rd battalion. Especially, the fact that the residents of hostility area where resident slaughter took place were considered as enemy raises that the operation of 11th division The 5th operation order that brought sacrifice of the residents was executed as an operation that did not distinguished enemy and the residents regardless of alteration and became an excuse that voluntarily judged the ones who were benefiting enemy. Considering the fact that majority of the resident victims died in great misery, the site was concealed and manipulated, and the incident was a slaughter that happened regardless of the result of the battle. Geochang massacre has characteristics of obedience to an illegal order given by an army commander and sanctioned massacre. Soldiers did not have guilt since it was obedience to power, did not take any responsibility with their actions and were used as a tool that executes the order of a chief. Massacre also was related to manipulated and distorted memory of politics. Military regime hided the fact related to the slaughter to maintain its power and intervened in politics of memory. The responsible people for the slaughter under Lee Seung-man government did not get proper punishment. This is the limitation of a military trial as well as the recognition on the massacre of Lee Seung-man government. Moreover, major commanders who got legal punishment all pardoned and reinstated in less than one year and returned to their original position. Therefore, GeoChang massacre became a political authorization under Lee Seung-man government and succeeding slaughters that were similar to the civilian massacre and slaughter as an operation could not be prevented.