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This paper is a study about role of Ombudsman in local governments for developing a transparent society. The necessities of Ombudsman in local government in modern socity are as follows: to implement effective anti-corruption policy in Korea; to prevent moral hazard of social elite group; to actualize human rights which could be damaged by globalization; to complement government failure through big government; to provoke social confidence and conform social capital; to prevent illegal and irrational activities which could be induced by unwholesome networking. This paper recommends specialized Ombudsman to fulfill the necessities in local government. To install an union of Ombudsman is recommended for developing character and ability of Ombudsman.