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Objectives : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effects of the Hominis placenta extracts on skin barrier. Methods : Male hairless mice, average weight 20g, were divided into two groups, intact and treatment group(paired, n=15). Intact group was not applied YB-301(anl ointment including Hominis placenta). Treatment group was applied YB-301(an ointment including Hominis placenta) two times a day for 8 days. We observed skin melanin, skin erythema, skin pH, skin humidity, transepidermal water loss. Statistical analysis was performed by using paired sample T-test. Statistical significance was achieved if the probability was less than 5%(p<0.05) or 1%(p〈0.01) Results : 1. YB-301(an ointment including Hominis placenta) showed statistically significant effect on skin melanin, skin pH, skin humidity(p<0.05). 2. YB-301(an ointment including Hominis placenta) showed statistically significant inhibitory effect on transepidermal water loss(p<0.01). 3. YB-301(an ointment including Hominis placenta) showed statistically no significant effect on skin erythema(p<0.05). conclusions : YB-301(an ointment including Hominis placenta) was effective on skin melanin, skin pH, skin humidity, transepidermal water loss in our study, so we suggest that Hominis placenta can be used as a ointment ingredient for strengthening the function of skin barrier.