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The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of storytelling and discussion types on the language development of young children. 32 treatment sessions were applied to the two experimental groups and the control group(N=151) during 16 weeks. One experimental group children discussed among themselves while the other experimental group children did with teacher. The control group children listened to storytelling by their teacher.Findings are as followings. Children of two experimental groups discussing on storytelling gained higher scores in vocabulary test and reading test than those of control group. The first experimental group discussing about storytelling with teacher gained higher scores in comprehension test than the second experimental group debating among themselves. But, there was no statistically significant difference on vocabulary and reading tests between two experimental groups. It was statistically significant difference on meaning test between two experimental groups.