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원구제(圜丘祭)는 조선 전기 세조대 이후 정지되었다가 고종대에 새롭게 만들어져 대사(大祀)의 하나로서 국가전례에 편성된 대표적인 제례이다. 갑오개혁기부터 논의되었지만 을미사변으로 인해 지연되다가 고종이 러시아 공사관에서 경운궁으로 환궁한 후 다시 본격적으로 칭제를 준비하는 과정에서 원구단 악기가 제작되는 등 원구제례악(圜丘祭禮樂)의 모습이 갖추어졌다. 이러한 원구제례악은 주례를 참조했다는 점에서 고제(古制)를 고려하였으며, 명나라의 뒤를 이었다는 맥락에서 명나라 원구제를 참작한 모습도 악곡명에서 드러난다. 그리고 궁가(宮架)에 팔음(八音)을 구비하지 않고 천신제 악기인 뇌도(雷鼗)를 진설하지 않았다는 점 등에서 다소 결란된 형태도 보이지만, 사직 악현을 기본틀로 삼거나 15궁(宮)의 선율을 사용했다는 점 등에서 조선시대 제례아악의 전통을 크게 벗어나지 않았다. 마지막으로 가장 주목되는 점은 고종의 칭제로 인해 황제국의 위상에 맞게 궁가와 팔일무(八佾舞)로 바뀌었다는 것이다. 고종대 원구제례악은 천자만이 지낼 수 있는 제례인 원구제에 수반되어 황제국의 위상을 보여준 조선 천자의 악무(樂舞)라는 측면에서 큰 의의를 지닌다.


A Review of Wongu jeryeak 丘祭禮樂 in the reign of GojongLee, Jung-Hee(Seoul National University)Wonguje 丘祭 was suspended since the King Sejo 世祖 in early Joseon Dynasty, but it was revived in the reign of Gojong 高宗 anew as one of the representative largest sacrificial rites arranged in national ceremonies. It has been discussed since Gabo Gaehyeok 甲午改革, but it was postponed due to Eulmi Sabyeon 乙未事變, but the features of Wongu jeryeak 丘祭禮樂 such as manufacturing Wongudan 丘壇 musical instruments has been formed in the process of preparing naming his country as the Empire comprehensively after the king Gojong returned to Gyeongun-gung 慶運宮 from the Russian Legation. Such a Wongu jeryeak referred to the Chou li 周禮 (Rites of the Chou Dynasty); in this regard, ancient statute (Chinese koje 古制) was considered and it has been also found that it referred to Wonguje from Ming 明 Dynasty in the names of musical pieces in terms of following the example of Ming Dynasty. In addition, there were more or less insufficient forms in terms that Paleum 八音 were not equipped in the court shelf and Noedo 雷, a musical instrument for Cheonsinje 天神祭, was not placed; however, it did not entirely escape from the tradition of Jerye-aak 祭禮雅樂 in Joseon Dynasty in terms that Sajik akhyeon 社稷樂懸 became the basic frame and 15 gungs 宮 of melodies were used. Lastly, the most noticeable thing was that it was changed into Gungga (ground orchestra 宮架) and Parilmu 八佾舞 according to the status of the Empire owing to the king Gojong's naming his country as the Empire.Wongu jeryeak in the reign of Gojong was very meaningful in terms that it was the music & dance of Joseon emperor that represented the status of the Empire along with Wonguje that only an emperor could perform.