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본 연구는 한우 암소 지육 중 육질등급 1+ 판정(근내지방도 No. 7, 육색 No. 4, 성숙도 No. 1, 조직감 No. 1)을 받은 지육(280~300 kg) 6두를 1차로 수도물로 고압 수세하고 2차로 50% 에틸알콜로 소독한 후 발골 정형하여 실험재료로 사용하였고, 등심 및 우둔부위를 채취하여 0±1℃에서 숙성한 후 등심은 1.5 cm steak로 제조하고, 우둔은 patty를 제조한 후 진공포장 및 랩 포장한 다음 전자선 가속기를 이용하여 0, 3, 4.5, 6, 7.5 kGy로 조사한 후 실험에 이용하였다. 진공포장구 및 함기포장구의 pH는 전자선 조사선량에 따라 유의적인 차이를 보이지 않았으며(p>0.05), 함유수분은 전자선 조사구 및 비조사구 모두 steak에 비하여 patty가 높은 경향을 나타내었다. 조단백질은 steak의 경우 전자선 비조사구가 조사구에 비하여 높은 수치를 나타내었으며(p<0.05), Patty의 경우는 전자선 조사수준에 상관없이 유의적인 차이가 없었다. 육색의 명도(L*)는 전자선조사 처리구와 비조사 처리구 간에는 차이가 없었다(p>0.05). 육색 중 적색도(a*)와 황색도(b*)는 전자선 조사수준이 증가함에 따라 점차 낮아지는 경향이었으며, 비조사구와 3 kGy 조사구는 유의적인 차이가 없었다(p>0.05).


This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Electron Beam irradiation on physico-chemical characteristics of Hanwoo meat. A total of six beef carcasses (280~300 ㎏) that were quality grade 1+ (marbling score No. 7, meat color No. 4, maturity No. 1, texture No. 1) was purchased at the commercial slaughter house. The carcasses were transported and washed using high pressure water, and pasteurized with 50% ethyl alcohol in the laboratory. After the carcasses were deboned and trimmed, loin and round were taken out to make steak (1.5 cm thickness) or patty respectively. Samples were wrap or vacuum packaged and irradiated with 0, 3, 4.5, 6 and 7.5 kGy using electron-beam accelerator. Irradiated samples were used to measure pH, moisture, crude protein, crude fat, and meat color. There was no significant (p>0.05) difference in pH between vacuum packaged (VP) and wrap packaged (WP) treatment, and the pH was not changed by electron-beam irradiation levels. Both control and irradiated treatments of steak showed higher tendency in moisture content. In crude protein content, control was higher than irradiated treatment in steak, but there were no difference in patty. Lightness (L*) of meat color has no difference between irradiated and non-irradiated treatment (p〉0.05). The value of redness and Yellowness of meat was dropped by increasing irradiation (p<0.05), but there was no difference between control and 3 kGy treatment (p<0.05).