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나당전쟁(669~676)은 당시 최강대국 당과 약소국 신라 사이의 8여년에 걸친 전 쟁이었다. 그런데 한국과 중국 史書의 나당전쟁에 대한 기록상의 차이점 때문에 국내외 학 계의 견해가 엇갈리고 있다. 그러나 나당전쟁에 관하여서는 한국측 사서가 중국측 사서보다 자세하고 정확한 것으로 보인다. 670년부터 본격적으로 진행된 나당전쟁은 673년 무렵이 되면 임진강을 경계로 고착상태 에 빠진다. 이를 타계하기 위해 당은 675년 유인궤 인솔하의 추가병력을 투입시킨 후, 이근 행으로 하여금 총괄케 하였다. 당시 이근행은 蕃將이 아니라 客將으로서 전투에 참여하였으 며, 그가 이끌던 병력은 당․말갈․거란의 혼성군이었던 것으로 여겨진다. 675년 9월 설인귀 함대가 한강 하구를 공격하자, 매소성에 주둔하고 있던 이근행은 5만 이상 병력으로 임진강 전선의 돌파를 시도한다. 그러나 675년 당군의 공격은 천성, 매소성, 칠중성에서 신라군에게 막혀 실패하고 만다. 매소성 전투를 전후한 675년 9월 당군의 군사 활동은 개별 전투라기보다는, 한강 유역을 장악하기 위한 하나의 큰 전투를 구성하는 것으 로 판단된다(매소성 戰役). 결국 당은 원정군의 보급문제․국내여론 악화와 더불어 토번의 內地 침입으로 인해 한반 도에서 물러나게 된다. 매소성 전역이 발생한 675년은 당이 공세를 지속하던 시기였다. 다시 말해 신라가 나당전쟁에서 당군의 공세를 효과적으로 막아내어, 한반도를 중심으로 민족국 가의 틀을 유지하게 되었던 것이다.


The Silla-Tang War(羅唐戰爭; 669~676) is the name of the war that the strongest nation, the Tang Dynasty fought with a weak nation, Silla for 8 years. Since Korea and China have very different records in their history books, the views of the internal and external academic world are not corresponded. However, Korean history books are considered more accurate than Chinese ones regarding the Silla-Tang War. The war was seriously begun in 670 and fixed the river Imjin(臨津江) as the boundary around 673. In order to overcome the situation, Tang committed additional military force that was led by Liu Ren-gui(劉仁軌) in 675 and Li Jin-xing(李謹行) undertook the whole. He took part in the war as a guest general, not the general of monk soldiers. His military deemed to be mixed with the soldiers of Tang, Malgal(靺鞨) and the Kitan(契丹). Once, the fleets of Xue Ren-gui(薛仁貴) attacked the mouth of the river Han(漢江) on Sep. 675, Li Jin-xing, who stationed in Maeso-seong, struggled to break through the battle line(戰線) of the river Imjin with more than 50,000 soldiers. Nevertheless, their attack in 675 was counteracted in Cheon-seong(泉城), Maeso-seong(買肖城) and Chiljung-seong(七重城) by the military of Silla. After the battle of Maeso-seong on Sep, 675, the military activities were considered as a big war to conquer the area of the river Han(漢江), rather than individual battles (買肖城 戰役). Finally, Tang withdrew from the Korean Peninsula due to the difficulty of supply and the aggravation of domestic public opinion. Besides, Tibet(吐蕃) invaded the inland(內地) of Tang. The Maeso-seong battle was started in 675 when Tang persisted their aggression. In other words, Silla effectively hindered the attack of Tang so that Silla maintained the ground of a nation-state(民族 國家) based on the Korean Peninsula.


The Silla-Tang War(羅唐戰爭; 669~676) is the name of the war that the strongest nation, the Tang Dynasty fought with a weak nation, Silla for 8 years. Since Korea and China have very different records in their history books, the views of the internal and external academic world are not corresponded. However, Korean history books are considered more accurate than Chinese ones regarding the Silla-Tang War. The war was seriously begun in 670 and fixed the river Imjin(臨津江) as the boundary around 673. In order to overcome the situation, Tang committed additional military force that was led by Liu Ren-gui(劉仁軌) in 675 and Li Jin-xing(李謹行) undertook the whole. He took part in the war as a guest general, not the general of monk soldiers. His military deemed to be mixed with the soldiers of Tang, Malgal(靺鞨) and the Kitan(契丹). Once, the fleets of Xue Ren-gui(薛仁貴) attacked the mouth of the river Han(漢江) on Sep. 675, Li Jin-xing, who stationed in Maeso-seong, struggled to break through the battle line(戰線) of the river Imjin with more than 50,000 soldiers. Nevertheless, their attack in 675 was counteracted in Cheon-seong(泉城), Maeso-seong(買肖城) and Chiljung-seong(七重城) by the military of Silla. After the battle of Maeso-seong on Sep, 675, the military activities were considered as a big war to conquer the area of the river Han(漢江), rather than individual battles (買肖城 戰役). Finally, Tang withdrew from the Korean Peninsula due to the difficulty of supply and the aggravation of domestic public opinion. Besides, Tibet(吐蕃) invaded the inland(內地) of Tang. The Maeso-seong battle was started in 675 when Tang persisted their aggression. In other words, Silla effectively hindered the attack of Tang so that Silla maintained the ground of a nation-state(民族 國家) based on the Korean Peninsula.