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This article concerns the residents's movement for solving urban problems in Gyeongseong(colonial Seoul). The objective diagnosis of the urban problems of this period is not the purpose of this article. It will rather focus on the political actions of the residents, the low-level resistance of the people. How did the majority of people who did not belong to any political organization resist the japanese colonial government? And who led the residents' mass actions? Chapter 1 analyzes the population increase and the residents' petitions in Gyeongseong. The increase in population caused the urban problems of this period. But the analysis of the residents' petitions reveals another cause more important : discriminative administration of the colonial government on the basis of race, class and region. By means of petition, residents criticized the inability and the faults of the colonial government. Chapter 2 examines microscopically Seongbuk-dong where the residents' movement was very active. And the examination shows who led the residents' movement. In Seongbuk-dong, there existed the Seongbuk-gurakbu(a young men's association) in 1920s, the Seongbuk-jeonghoe and the chongdae(Yi Sin-gu) in 1930s which functioned as the local political organization. These organizations were the center of the residents' movement of Seongbuk-dong.