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이 글의 목적은 1970년대 소설을 대상으로 ‘도시소설’의 성격을 규명하고, 1970년대 소설사 속에서 ‘도시소설’이 갖는 위상을 정립하는 데 있다. 도시소설 연구는 시간과 공간의 상관관계 속에서 이루어져야 한다. 1970년대 도시소설은 ‘유신’이라는 강압적 정치 체제 아래 근대화된 도시를 살아가는 도시인들의 삶의 모습을 핍진하게 담고 있다.


The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics of “Urban novels” using novels from the 1970’s and to identify the phases of urban novels in the history of novels in the 1970’s. Study on urban novels must be conducted within the relationship between time and space. Urban novels of the 1970’s vividly draw the portrait of the lives of people living in the city that has been modernized under the aggressive political system of “Revitalizing Reform.” In the main subject, the lives of the inferior who try to achieve their dreams through the city are analyzed. “Youngja’s Golden Days” by Cho Sun-jak and “A neighborhood” by Hwang Suk-young and other works portray lives of main characters from the country side who diligently work in order to become a part of the heart of the city. However, they are not able to penetrate the boundary of the city and are eventually defeated. Such result stems from contradiction in the social structure. Such contradiction surfaces from urban power. In Cho Sehee’s “A Dwarf Launches a Little Ball”, in addition to the improverished lives of the poor, their resistance is also portrayed. The inferior aim to claim their share by engaging in direct fight with urban authority. Various methods of resistance of the inferior can be seen also in works by Yun Heung-gil and Park Tae-sun. Fictional portrayal of the various pathological phenomena if the city is not from the intention of disapproving the city but is with the purpose of aiming for a better urban life. Therefore, through cultural activities such as writing, the present conditions should be properly perceived and reflected upon so that a better life can be accomplished.