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The purpose of this study was to improve the understanding of the essential experience of Separated Families in South and North Korea in a socio-cultural context and to explore their post-separation adjustment process from the perspective of the families.Major findings in this study are summarized as follows. First, 'han' was the central phenomenon that the participants experienced following their separation. Second, the core issue in the process of post-separation adjustment was 'accepting the separation and rearrangement of reality for reunion', and over time the participants went through four stages in their adjustment process: the stage of being overwhelmed, the stage of conflict, the stage of awareness, and the stage of acceptance. Third, the main factors affecting the participants' adjustment were supportive systems, available resources(individual variables) and interaction with other separated families. Fourth, four types were observed in the typology of adjustment and reunion of the participants.