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전쟁이나 천재지변, 학제 개편 등으로 교육 환경이 열악해지고, 교육과정을 제대로 운영하기 어려운 사태가 발생할 수 있다. 그렇지만 폐해의 정도나 구체적 상황은 각 지역 학교에 따라 다를 수 있다. 그리고 교육과정 변천과 관련된 기록은 각 지역의 특수성을 반영한 것이기 보다, 특정 지역을 중심으로 편향된 것일 수 있다. 교육과정의 거시적 담론은 구체적 상황적 맥락을 고려하지 않을 수 있다. 그래서 자료의 신빙성은 여러 측면에서 검토되어야 할 것이다. 교육과정과 관련된 여러 가지 문헌과 자료는 그 자료의 출처, 기록된 관점, 범위 등도 분석되어야 할 필요가 있는 것이다.Ⅲ. 아동 생활 기록의 확대와 조정기(제1-5차 교육과정기)


Review of the Student Cumulative Records in the Elementary School The purpose of this paper is to review the history of student cumulative records in Korean elementary schools since 1945, and to make some suggestions to improve them. Different kinds of cumulative record cards were analysed in their styles and contents, and classified into three historical eras. Some of the results are as follows. 1. The cumulative record cards have been developed separate from the revisions of the National Curriculum. This mismatch made teachers confused in reporting and interpreting the educational documents. 2. The cumulative record has progressed by three historical stages: preparatory stage, development stage, and conflict stage. The cumulative records of the first stage simply focused on the school register of students. The records of the next stage were of such complicated ones that teachers could not evaluate and interpret them easily. The last ones have not yet materialized because of the controversy over the human rights of students vs efficiency of administration. 3. The items included in the records have increased gradually. In the beginning they consisted mainly of descriptions on school activities, such as academic achievement and moral behavior of students. Recently they have come to include student experience of outside as well as inside school. The student's cumulative record is an official document of the school performance and a practical report of implementation of the school curriculum. This fact, therefore, necessitates records be based on the National Curriculum. One final caveat: we educators may have to be alert to the possibility of theft of computer data and other electronic information on students.


Review of the Student Cumulative Records in the Elementary School The purpose of this paper is to review the history of student cumulative records in Korean elementary schools since 1945, and to make some suggestions to improve them. Different kinds of cumulative record cards were analysed in their styles and contents, and classified into three historical eras. Some of the results are as follows. 1. The cumulative record cards have been developed separate from the revisions of the National Curriculum. This mismatch made teachers confused in reporting and interpreting the educational documents. 2. The cumulative record has progressed by three historical stages: preparatory stage, development stage, and conflict stage. The cumulative records of the first stage simply focused on the school register of students. The records of the next stage were of such complicated ones that teachers could not evaluate and interpret them easily. The last ones have not yet materialized because of the controversy over the human rights of students vs efficiency of administration. 3. The items included in the records have increased gradually. In the beginning they consisted mainly of descriptions on school activities, such as academic achievement and moral behavior of students. Recently they have come to include student experience of outside as well as inside school. The student's cumulative record is an official document of the school performance and a practical report of implementation of the school curriculum. This fact, therefore, necessitates records be based on the National Curriculum. One final caveat: we educators may have to be alert to the possibility of theft of computer data and other electronic information on students.