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Effectiveness of Long-term Group-Counseling in Improving Emotional Intelligence and Prosocial Behavior in Preschooler The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of long-term group-counseling in preventing children’s maladjustment at school. For this study, six children were selected for an experimental group and another six for a control group. They were tested using the Emotional Intelligence Rating System and the Prosocial Behavior Skill Situations Measure for Preschool Level. In addition to quantitative analysis, a qualitative analysis was conducted to examine group processes and changes in each child. The experimental group participated insocio-drama, group art therapy, and game play therapy whereas the control group did not receive any treatment. In order to examine the impact of the intervention, pre-program tests and post-program tests were conducted. The results were as follows. First, the children's emotional intelligence was improved with group counseling. There was a significant difference in emotional intelligence between the experimental and the control groups. Second, children's prosocial behavior ability alsoimproved. There was a significant difference in social ability between the experimental and the control groups.